Rhoda M. (?)1

     Rhoda M. (?) married James B. Brown.1

Family

James B. Brown
Child

Citations

  1. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, Nettie M. Fetterman and Frank L. Brown, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

Peter Herring1

     Peter Herring married Orra (?)1

Citations

  1. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, Maude M. Fetterman and Edgar L. Herring, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

Orra (?)1

     Orra (?) married Peter Herring.1

Citations

  1. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, Maude M. Fetterman and Edgar L. Herring, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

Louisa V. Thomas1

b. April 1860, d. 7 October 1936
FatherSamuel Adams Thomas1 b. 14 Jul 1826, d. 19 Mar 1912
MotherAbigail Ketner1 b. c 1832, d. 5 May 1869
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
Louise Thomas Cauvel, taken 14 Feb 1914, courtesy of Judy Broussard
     Louisa V. Thomas was born in April 1860 in Venango County, Pennsylvania.2 She was the daughter of Samuel Adams Thomas and Abigail Ketner.1 She married Howard Lyman Cauvel, son of John Cauvel and Matilda Ketner, on 14 February 1881 in Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 She died on 7 October 1936 in Walla Walla, Washington, at age 76.1

Family

Howard Lyman Cauvel b. 16 Dec 1855, d. 16 Aug 1941
Children

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.
  2. [S216] 1900 U.S. Census, Oregon, Umatilla Co., Milton (North Milton), H. L. Cauvel household, National Archives, (H. L. Cauvel, Dec 1855, PA/PA/PA, md19y, nurseryman; Louise, Apr 1860, PA/PA/PA, 8 child/5lvg; Lenore, Feb 1881, WA/PA/PA, dau; Ida, Mar 1885, WA/PA/PA, dau; Dora, Sep 1886, WA/PA/PA, dau; Helen, Aug 1892, OR/PA/PA; Thomas, May 1895, OR/PA/PA).

Howard Lyman Cauvel1

b. 16 December 1855, d. 16 August 1941
FatherJohn Cauvel1
MotherMatilda Ketner1
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Howard Lyman Cauvel was born on 16 December 1855 in Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 He was the son of John Cauvel and Matilda Ketner.1 He married Louisa V. Thomas, daughter of Samuel Adams Thomas and Abigail Ketner, on 14 February 1881 in Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 He died on 16 August 1941 in Walla Walla, Washington, at age 85.1
     Howard Lyman Cauvel owned an apple orchard in Washington.1

Family

Louisa V. Thomas b. Apr 1860, d. 7 Oct 1936
Children

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

John Cauvel1

     John Cauvel married Matilda Ketner, daughter of William Ketner and Elizabeth Derr.1

Family

Matilda Ketner
Children

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

Matilda Ketner1

FatherWilliam Ketner1
MotherElizabeth Derr1
     Matilda Ketner was the daughter of William Ketner and Elizabeth Derr.1 She married John Cauvel.1

Family

John Cauvel
Children

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

Matilda Cauvel1

b. 17 February 1883, d. 6 February 1884
FatherHoward Lyman Cauvel1 b. 16 Dec 1855, d. 16 Aug 1941
MotherLouisa V. Thomas1 b. Apr 1860, d. 7 Oct 1936
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Matilda Cauvel was born on 17 February 1883.1 She was the daughter of Howard Lyman Cauvel and Louisa V. Thomas.1 She died on 6 February 1884.1

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

Dora Iona Cauvel1

b. 16 September 1886
FatherHoward Lyman Cauvel1 b. 16 Dec 1855, d. 16 Aug 1941
MotherLouisa V. Thomas1 b. Apr 1860, d. 7 Oct 1936
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Dora Iona Cauvel was born on 16 September 1886 in Sunnyside, Umatilla County, Oregon.1,2 She was the daughter of Howard Lyman Cauvel and Louisa V. Thomas.1 She married Frank Lee Lesh on 26 October 1904 in Rocky Grove, Sugarcreek Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.3
     
Research Note:

According to the 1904 Venango County marriage license, Dora Iona Fetterman was the daughter of John H. and Mary Fetterman. According to Dora's great niece, Judy Broussard, Dora went to live her her aunt and uncle John and Mary Fetterman when she was 16 and took the Fetterman name.3,4,2

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.
  2. [S1481] Judy Brousard, "Speaking of Family... -(," e-mail message to Kipp Melat, 31 Oct 2014.
  3. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, Dora Iona Fetterman and Frank Lee Lesh, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  4. [S152] 1900 U.S. Census, Pennsylvania, Venango Co., Jackson Tp., John Fetterman household, National Archives, (John Fetterman, Dec 1843, PA/PA/PA, md32y, farmer; Mary, Jun 1847 (52), PA/PA/PA, 2child/2lvg).

(?) Lesh1

     (?) Lesh married an unknown person.1

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

(?) Brown1

     (?) Brown married an unknown person.1

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

Della Cauvel1

b. 16 September 1889, d. 12 February 1890
FatherHoward Lyman Cauvel1 b. 16 Dec 1855, d. 16 Aug 1941
MotherLouisa V. Thomas1 b. Apr 1860, d. 7 Oct 1936
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Della Cauvel was born on 16 September 1889.1 She was the daughter of Howard Lyman Cauvel and Louisa V. Thomas.1 She died on 12 February 1890.1

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

Isabel Cauvel1

b. 22 July 1891, d. 30 October 1891
FatherHoward Lyman Cauvel1 b. 16 Dec 1855, d. 16 Aug 1941
MotherLouisa V. Thomas1 b. Apr 1860, d. 7 Oct 1936
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Isabel Cauvel was born on 22 July 1891.1 She was the daughter of Howard Lyman Cauvel and Louisa V. Thomas.1 She died on 30 October 1891.1

Citations

  1. [S880] John R. Cauvel, The Cauvel Family, Revision 15 (n.p.: n.pub., July 1982). Hereinafter cited as The Cauvel Family.

Edwin Miller Thomas1

b. 25 February 1865, d. 28 October 1931
FatherSamuel Adams Thomas1 b. 14 Jul 1826, d. 19 Mar 1912
MotherAbigail Ketner1 b. c 1832, d. 5 May 1869
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Edwin Miller Thomas was born on 25 February 1865 in Venango County jail, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania, when his father was the county sheriff.1 He was the son of Samuel Adams Thomas and Abigail Ketner.1 He married Callie Roberta Peebles, daughter of William Orr Peebles and Tabitha Abigail Ritchey, on 16 March 1885.2 He died on 28 October 1931 at age 66.1 He was buried in Fairview Cemetery, Cherrytree Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1

Family

Callie Roberta Peebles b. 26 Jun 1865, d. 7 Nov 1937
Children

Citations

  1. [S212] Obituary of Edwin M. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, 29 Oct. 1931, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  2. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Callie Roberta Peebles1

b. 26 June 1865, d. 7 November 1937
FatherWilliam Orr Peebles1
MotherTabitha Abigail Ritchey1
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Callie Roberta Peebles was born on 26 June 1865.1 She was the daughter of William Orr Peebles and Tabitha Abigail Ritchey.1 She married Edwin Miller Thomas, son of Samuel Adams Thomas and Abigail Ketner, on 16 March 1885.1 She died on 7 November 1937 at age 72.1 She was buried in Fairview Cemetery, Cherrytree Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1

Family

Edwin Miller Thomas b. 25 Feb 1865, d. 28 Oct 1931
Children

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

William Orr Peebles1

     William Orr Peebles married Tabitha Abigail Ritchey.1

Family

Tabitha Abigail Ritchey
Child

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Tabitha Abigail Ritchey1

     Tabitha Abigail Ritchey married William Orr Peebles.1

Family

William Orr Peebles
Child

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Ida Isabell Thomas1

b. 3 June 1892, d. 1957
FatherEdwin Miller Thomas1 b. 25 Feb 1865, d. 28 Oct 1931
MotherCallie Roberta Peebles1 b. 26 Jun 1865, d. 7 Nov 1937
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Ida Isabell Thomas was born on 3 June 1892 in Pennsylvania.1 She was the daughter of Edwin Miller Thomas and Callie Roberta Peebles.1 She married Merle C. Turner on 1 July 1914.1 She died in 1957.1 She was buried in Rynd Farm Cemetery, Cornplanter Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Merle C. Turner1

ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Merle C. Turner married Ida Isabell Thomas, daughter of Edwin Miller Thomas and Callie Roberta Peebles, on 1 July 1914.1

Family

Ida Isabell Thomas b. 3 Jun 1892, d. 1957

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Sylvia Maude Thomas1

b. 25 March 1897, d. 23 September 1906
FatherEdwin Miller Thomas1 b. 25 Feb 1865, d. 28 Oct 1931
MotherCallie Roberta Peebles1 b. 26 Jun 1865, d. 7 Nov 1937
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Sylvia Maude Thomas was born on 25 March 1897 in Pennsylvania.1 She was the daughter of Edwin Miller Thomas and Callie Roberta Peebles.1 She died on 23 September 1906 at age 9.1 She was buried in Fairview Cemetery, Cherrytree Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Samuel Peebles Thomas1

b. 2 November 1898, d. 1 November 1918
FatherEdwin Miller Thomas1 b. 25 Feb 1865, d. 28 Oct 1931
MotherCallie Roberta Peebles1 b. 26 Jun 1865, d. 7 Nov 1937
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Samuel Peebles Thomas was born on 2 November 1898 in Pennsylvania.1 He was the son of Edwin Miller Thomas and Callie Roberta Peebles.1 He died on 1 November 1918 after being struck by an automobile.1 He was buried in Fairview Cemetery, Cherrytree Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1
     Samuel Peebles Thomas was a fireman on the Pennsylvania Railroad in Ashtabula, Ohio.1

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Emanuel Wilbert Thomas1

b. 31 July 1850, d. 20 March 1930
FatherSolomon Thomas1 b. 14 Sep 1828, d. 12 Jun 1902
MotherMargaret Jane Richey1 b. c 1831, d. 1 Apr 1900
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Emanuel Wilbert Thomas was born on 31 July 1850 in Oakland Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 He was the son of Solomon Thomas and Margaret Jane Richey.1 He married Almina Grove on 17 August 1873.2 He died while visiting his cousin Clayton Thomas on 20 March 1930 in Bradley's Corners, Cherrytree Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania, at age 79.1 He was buried in Oakland Cemetery, Warren, Warren County, Pennsylvania.1
     Emanuel Wilbert Thomas also went by the name of Wilbert Thomas.1 He and Almina Thomas lived in Warren, Warren County, Pennsylvania.1

Family

Almina Grove b. Jan 1849, d. 22 Sep 1920
Child

Citations

  1. [S212] Obituary of Wilbert Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Mar. 1930, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  2. [S212] Obituary of Almina Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Sep. 1920, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  3. [S212] Obituary of Miller M. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Feb. 1898, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

Almina Grove1

b. January 1849, d. 22 September 1920
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Almina Grove was born in January 1849.1 She married Emanuel Wilbert Thomas, son of Solomon Thomas and Margaret Jane Richey, on 17 August 1873.1 She died on 22 September 1920 at age 71.1 She was buried in Oakland Cemetery, Warren, Warren County, Pennsylvania.1
     Almina Thomas and Wilbert Thomas lived in Warren, Warren County, Pennsylvania.2

Family

Emanuel Wilbert Thomas b. 31 Jul 1850, d. 20 Mar 1930
Child

Citations

  1. [S212] Obituary of Almina Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Sep. 1920, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  2. [S212] Obituary of Wilbert Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Mar. 1930, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  3. [S212] Obituary of Miller M. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Feb. 1898, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

Miller M. Thomas1

b. 22 July 1876, d. 22 January 1898
FatherEmanuel Wilbert Thomas1 b. 31 Jul 1850, d. 20 Mar 1930
MotherAlmina Grove1 b. Jan 1849, d. 22 Sep 1920
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Miller M. Thomas was born on 22 July 1876 in Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 He was the son of Emanuel Wilbert Thomas and Almina Grove.1 He died on 22 January 1898 in Charleston, South Carolina, at age 21.1 He was buried in Oakland Cemetery, Warren, Warren County, Pennsylvania.1
     Miller M. Thomas served in the Spanish-American War.1 He died of typhoid fever during his service in the Spanish-American War.1

Citations

  1. [S212] Obituary of Miller M. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, Feb. 1898, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

John Richey Thomas1

b. 28 March 1852, d. August 1917
FatherSolomon Thomas1 b. 14 Sep 1828, d. 12 Jun 1902
MotherMargaret Jane Richey1 b. c 1831, d. 1 Apr 1900
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas (#1)
Descendants of Samuel Thomas (#2)
     John Richey Thomas was born on 28 March 1852 in Oakland Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 He was the son of Solomon Thomas and Margaret Jane Richey.1 He married Henrietta D. Alcorn on 21 February 1878 in Sunville, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.2 He married Elizabeth Capitolia Thomas, daughter of Hezekiah Thomas and Alexina Evaline Eddy, on 10 February 1898.3 He died in August 1917 in Sunville, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania, at age 65.1 He was buried in Sunville Cemetery, Plum Township, Venango County.1
     John Richey Thomas lived in Diamond, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.4 He earned his first money in the oil fields at the age of eight when he drove an old horse attached to a power at a drilling well located in the now business section of Oil City, then called the mouth of Oil Creek. From Bradford to Bullion and the southwest he followed the development until about 1900 when he left the field for good to follow the less strenuous life of farming.5

Family 1

Henrietta D. Alcorn d. 5 Sep 1897
Children

Family 2

Elizabeth Capitolia Thomas b. 30 Jan 1860, d. 27 Sep 1948
Child

Citations

  1. [S212] Obituary of John R. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, 22 Aug 1917, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  2. [S881] Marriage Announcement from Franklin newspaper (Marriage Card File), marriage annoucenment of John R. Thomas and Henrietta D. Alcorn, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  3. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, marriage license of John R. Thomas and Elizabeth C. Thomas, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  4. [S231] Obituary of Capitolia Thomas, The News Herald, Franklin, PA, 28 Sep. 1948, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  5. [S212] Biographical sketch of John R. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, 2 Dec. 1909, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  6. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.
  7. [S8] Obituary of Ira E. Thomas, The Oil City Derrick, Oil City, PA, 20 Jan. 1981, Oil City Library, Oil City, Venango County, Pennsylvania. Hereinafter cited as The Derrick.

Henrietta D. Alcorn1

d. 5 September 1897
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Henrietta D. Alcorn married John Richey Thomas, son of Solomon Thomas and Margaret Jane Richey, on 21 February 1878 in Sunville, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.2 She died on 5 September 1897.1

Family

John Richey Thomas b. 28 Mar 1852, d. Aug 1917
Children

Citations

  1. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, marriage license of John R. Thomas and Elizabeth C. Thomas, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  2. [S881] Marriage Announcement from Franklin newspaper (Marriage Card File), marriage annoucenment of John R. Thomas and Henrietta D. Alcorn, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  3. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Elsie C. Thomas1

b. 12 October 1878, d. 21 August 1963
FatherJohn Richey Thomas1 b. 28 Mar 1852, d. Aug 1917
MotherHenrietta D. Alcorn1 d. 5 Sep 1897
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Elsie C. Thomas was born on 12 October 1878 in Wallaceville, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 She was the daughter of John Richey Thomas and Henrietta D. Alcorn.1 She married J. J. Kough.1 She died on 21 August 1963 in Titusville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania, at age 84.1
     Elsie C. Kough had no children.1

Family

J. J. Kough

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

J. J. Kough1

ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     J. J. Kough married Elsie C. Thomas, daughter of John Richey Thomas and Henrietta D. Alcorn.1

Family

Elsie C. Thomas b. 12 Oct 1878, d. 21 Aug 1963

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.

Clifford Thomas1

b. February 1880
FatherJohn Richey Thomas1 b. 28 Mar 1852, d. Aug 1917
MotherHenrietta D. Alcorn1 d. 5 Sep 1897
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas
     Clifford Thomas was born in February 1880.1 He was the son of John Richey Thomas and Henrietta D. Alcorn.1
     Clifford Thomas was living in Colorado in 1917 when his father died.2

Citations

  1. [S232] Kathryn Newson, compiler, Thomas Family (n.p.: unpublished draft). Hereinafter cited as Thomas Family.
  2. [S212] Obituary of John R. Thomas, Venango Citizen Press, Franklin, PA, 22 Aug 1917, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.

Elizabeth Capitolia Thomas1

b. 30 January 1860, d. 27 September 1948
FatherHezekiah Thomas1 b. 17 Aug 1833, d. 12 Jun 1913
MotherAlexina Evaline Eddy1 b. 29 Aug 1829, d. 12 Jun 1894
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Thomas (#1)
Descendants of Samuel Thomas (#2)
     Elizabeth Capitolia Thomas was born on 30 January 1860 in Wallaceville, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1 She was the daughter of Hezekiah Thomas and Alexina Evaline Eddy.1 She married John Richey Thomas, son of Solomon Thomas and Margaret Jane Richey, on 10 February 1898.2 She died on 27 September 1948 at age 88.1 She was buried in Sunville Cemetery, Plum Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania.1
     Elizabeth Capitolia Thomas was known as Capitolia Thomas.1

Family

John Richey Thomas b. 28 Mar 1852, d. Aug 1917
Child

Citations

  1. [S231] Obituary of Capitolia Thomas, The News Herald, Franklin, PA, 28 Sep. 1948, Pennsylvania Room, Franklin Library, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  2. [S10] Venango County (PA) Marriage License, marriage license of John R. Thomas and Elizabeth C. Thomas, Registrar & Recorder's Office, Courthouse, Franklin, Venango County, Pennsylvania.
  3. [S8] Obituary of Ira E. Thomas, The Oil City Derrick, Oil City, PA, 20 Jan. 1981, Oil City Library, Oil City, Venango County, Pennsylvania. Hereinafter cited as The Derrick.